How to Support the Patients in the Attack of Epilepsy

Nowadays, epilepsy is a standout among the most well-known neurological disorders, positioning third after a stroke and Alzheimer’s infection. For this condition, there is long and numerous fictions and preconceptions. An epileptic seizure may look very scary, in certainty, it doesn’t require critical medicinal intercession. Normally, after the finish of an epilepsy attack, the patient rapidly awakens, however until the point that everything has halted, he truly needs your help.

They can influence one of the parts of the mind and then if we are discussing a fractional attack, and if an electric gale spreads to the two sides of the mind, the attacks progress toward oversimplifying. Lashing forces are transmitted to the muscles, subsequently, the feature starts shakings. Moreover, the foremost cause of the disorder is the absence of oxygen among fatal advancement, birth injury, meningitis or encephalitis, strokes, mind tumors or core features of its structure. Generally, it is hard to decide at the examination why the sickness began, all the more frequently it is because of the combined impact of a few conditions as elucidated by Nursing Assignments Help as well. Epilepsy can spectacle for the duration of the lifetime, yet youngsters and elderly individuals are in danger. In spite of the fact that the hidden reasons for the sickness are as yet a puzzle, various inciting factors have been set of connections mentioned below:

  • stress
  • excessive utilization of alcohol
  • smoking
  • lack of rest
  • hormonal variances within the menstrual cycle
  • abuse of antidepressants
  • Premature withdrawal from extraordinary treatment

What it would appear to be like

Ordinarily from the side, it appears that the attack started totally all of a sudden. The patient makes a cry and loses his wakefulness. Among the tonic stage, his muscles are stressed, and breathing will get tough, due to which the lips turn blue. At that point the shakings enter the colonic stage so all parts start to strain and calm down, it would seem like a disorderly shaking. In a few cases, the patients keep quiet or the internal surface of the cheeks. Toward the finish of this seizure, the patient of the epilepsy attack regularly encounters with tiredness, headaches and memory issues.

What to do for a patient under attack of Epilepsy

  • Try not to fear you need to take the liability for the wellbeing of someone else so you should be strongly required to stay cool and clear personality.
  • Remain nearby to the attacked patient so at the point when it’s finished, quiet the individual and help him begin to act normally again. Talk kindly and easily.
  • Look all over the place for the patient isn’t weakened and if everything is all fine, don’t contact or move the patient. Move away furniture and different items, which he may unintentionally hit.
  • Make sure to check the exact time of the beginning of an attack.
  • Lower the patient to the ground and place something suitable under his head.
  • Try not to hold it in a stationary state, endeavoring to stop the seizures. Muscles don’t calm down, yet it can cause wounds.
  • Try not to place anything in the mouth.
  • Check the time once more. So that the seizure endures over five minutes, call the rescue vehicle. Long seizures can make irreversible harm to mind cells.
  • After the seizure has ceased, put the individual in an advantageous position: it is smarter to swing it to the other side. Ensure that breathing has come back to normal.
  • Until the point that a patient totally skips back, don’t allow him to sit unbothered.

Necessary Medical Care Prerequisite for Hypothyroidism


There are several diseases that are getting more and more effective and spreading at a wide range in the societies. This indicates towards hypothyroidism that is a condition in which thyroid gland does not produce thyroid hormone. It can be primary from a thyroid gland disease or secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary disease which is mentioned in numerous Nursing Assignments as well.


Primary hypothyroidism:

  • Idiopathic
  • Radioiodine therapy
  • Agenesis
  • Transient due to a withdrawal of thyroid hormone treatment.
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Drug-induced such as lithium, propylthiouracil, sulphonamides etc.
  • Inborn errors.
  • Endemic iodine deficiency.

Secondary hypothyroidism:

It can be due to pituitary lesions

Tertiary hypothyroidism:

It can be due to hypothalamic lesions.

Clinical features:

  • Early indications include exhaustion, weakness in overall health, laziness, arthralgia, muscle issues, myalgia, obstruction, cool narrow-mindedness, migraine, dry skin, and menorrhagia.
  • Late indications include moderate discourse, nonattendance of perspiring, fringe purification, dryness, a diminished feeling of taste, smell, muscle issues, deafness, and obesity.

Signs present in hypothyroid patients:

  • Hands:

Starting from hands, peripheral cyanosis, swelling, dry cold skin, and anemia can be present.

  • Arms:

Small volume pulses with bradycardia are present. Carpal tunnel syndrome with delayed reflexes can also be seen.

  • Face:

A patient can present with alopecia, dry thin hair, depression, mental slowness, general swelling, peril orbital enema, vitiligo or swollen tongue can be present.

  • Chest:

Pleural or pericardial effusion can be present.

  • Legs:

Enema, slow reflexes or peripheral neuropathy can be seen.


Low serum T4 levels with high serum TSH usually more than 20 MU/l is diagnostic. Other labs for anti-thyroglobulin antibodies or ant thyroid peroxidase, serum LDH, serum cholesterol, sodium can be done.


  • The management of hypothyroidism includes replacement therapy. Thyroxine available in 25,50 and 100 microgram tablets.
  • Starting thyroxine with the low dose for the first 3 weeks and then increasing the dose for next 3 weeks up to 100 micrograms and then taking 150 micrograms for the rest of life. The pills are taken in the morning to avoid concomitant with food and drugs which may interfere with the absorption.
  • Correct dose should be given which can restore the TSH to normal. In patients suffering from ischemic heart, diseases require less dose of 25 micrograms along with beta-blockers and vasodilators.
  • Patients feel better within 2 to 3 weeks of treatment and it can reduce weight and periorbital puffiness early.

Secondary hypothyroidism:

This is less common as compared to the primary one and is characterized by atrophy if thyroid gland which leads to failure of TSH secretion.

Pseudo hypothyroidism:

The inability to utilize thyroxine in tissue cells despite normal thyroid function.

Myxoedema coma:

Myxoedema coma is defined as a depressed state of consciousness or coma due to severe hypothyroidism. It is a medical emergency.

Patient presents with hypothermia, hyponatremia, hypoglycemia and in a confused or comatose stage.

Management of Myxoedema coma:

T3 2.5 to 5 microgram is given IV or orally 8 hourly until improvement is observed then starting thyroxine. Therefore, additional measures include oxygen if necessary.


Hypothyroidism is more common in elder women and having a positive family history is one of its risk factor increasing its chance to three folds and leading many problems in the later life of women such as joint stiffness as well as infertility. But a good news is that it can be treated by supplementation with the hormone itself.

Nursing is the foremost key to cure the Patients

Nursing care in obstetrics and gynecology

Obstetrics and gynecology deal with the female reproductive diseases, delivery of newborn and family planning. Medical practitioners work in coordination with the nurses to perform obstetric procedures which can be life taking in some cases.

They assist in procedures such as cesarean section, vacuum deliveries or forceps deliveries. These procedures need skilled nurses. They are trained during their rotations. They are responsible to look after the patients in the post-partum period. Many females suffer from other gynecological issues which increase their need in the setup.

It is their duty to give full time to the patients admitted to the ward. As per studies, there is an increment in elective procedures in last 10 years as compared to the normal deliveries, this ultimately increases the demand for nursing staff to reach the goal of work needed. Patient care is their duty.

Obstetrical nursing and perinatal nursing:

This is considered a subspecialty in nursing who deals with pregnant ladies from the time of conception until the post-partum period. They work in medical centers, private clinics, antenatal setups, post-natal clinics, delivery units and operation theatres under the supervision of medical practitioners and midwives.

They should know how to maintain IV lines and to give medications through it, fatal cardiac assessment, vascular assessment, and neonates resuscitation. There is a certified course by national certification service corporation who provides training and certified course after completing bachelors in nursing in obstetric field.

Role and ethics of nurses:

  • A nurse should be honest and responsible in her work according to her duty time.
  • She should be skilled and it’s her duty to keep her patients secret to herself, she should not publicize her patient’s dignity in front of her relatives or her husband.
  • She should provide a comfortable environment to the patients.
  • She should work according to the instruction of medical practitioner of the patient.
  • She should provide care and conceal the personal details of the patient and fulfill the patient’s needs as per the health requirements.

An affection of Nurse towards the Patient

  • The issue of appropriate watch over the tired at home is of proceeding with significance. Frequently, patients with incessant infections needn’t bother with nursing treatment and day by day restorative supervision so they feel better in a well-known and calm home condition and need, most importantly, mind, the formation of ideal living conditions, cleanliness, help with the organization of their physiological needs.
  • The nursing or caretaker figure is the first and nearest partner doctor so they should precisely satisfy the greater part of his medicines, painstakingly screen the general state of the patient and have adequate information to lead basic strategies and intentionally approach the execution of therapeutic arrangements. This averts difficulties and reduces the misery of the patient.
  • The nursing gives the patient genuine feelings of serenity, don’t illuminate him of any genuine woeful occasions in his family or among the general population around him, don’t imagine, if the course of the sickness declines, deliberately screen his discourse, as patients turn out to be more helpless and defenseless to words. A recklessly said word can convey awesome damage to a patient with a damaged and difficult mind.

Precautions for nurses for providing their Services

However, with relatives and companions, the patient is more impulsive than with medicinal staff, so the nursing requires a ton of continuance and tolerance as explicated in few Nursing assignments too. Requesting the patient to agree to the standards of individual cleanliness, the nurse should likewise completely follow them. Hands are dependably immaculately clean. Before touching the patient, it is better to put on the gloves on hands. While evacuating a bedpan, elastic gloves must be worn as well. Attire supervisor should to dependably be faultless, simple to wear off, and shoes must be light and soft, so as not to exasperate the patient.

Nutrition Rules for Healthy Lifestyle

Good, delicious food is a great pleasure, a temptation, from which it is difficult to refuse even a literate, from the point of view of nutritionists, a person. And dieticians continue to call for limitations and self-control. The basis of modern diet ology is the following dietary rules illuminated through Nursing Assignments are mentioned below:

  • A person does not feed what he ate, but what he has learned. Digestion involves a lot of energy, and the body must be ready for food. Nature has set a signal of readiness – a sense of hunger. Food without hunger does not go on for future use. It only overloads the body. Spasms in an empty stomach – this is not a hunger. Criteria for a healthy appetite – a strong desire to eat something, even the most unappetizing (a crust of hard-boiled black bread), and abundant sweet saliva, appearing at the thought of such food.
  • One of the most important principles of nutrition – a thorough chewing, because the lump is not digested in the lump. Chew should be until the food is completely liquid, then even the crudest product is digested relatively easily. After chewing, not only mechanical grinding, a change in consistency occurs but also the initial cleavage of starch and partly of proteins.
  • The food should be delicious! Tasteless food is poorly digested since the synthesis of many digestive enzymes is “controlled” by the tongue. However, with true hunger tasteless it seems only “bad” food. Unfortunately, the taste of many people is highly distorted. That is promoted by sweet, fatty, fried, all kinds of spices and seasonings. They change the natural taste of food and “mislead” the digestive organs, excite unhealthy appetite.
  • From midday until evening you can arrange 2-3 solid meals. Some are properly reinforced during lunch and dinner and have a light snack, others do without lunch or dinner, some even eat 1 time a day. The main thing is not to have a snack in the intervals between meals, the stomach should rest. It is permissible for half an hour or an hour before a substantial meal to eat something from fruit or to drink juice, but at the rest of the time, it is advisable to use nothing but water and not to use it.
  • Supper is recommended no later than 2 hours before bedtime. Ideally, at the time of falling asleep gastric digestion should end, and food – basically go into the intestines.
  • There are especially harmful products, in particular, canned food (especially meat and fish), sausages, smoked products, hydrogenated fats, mayonnaise and almost all fizzy drinks. It is also desirable to avoid a large number of salty foods, refined vegetable oils, sugar and products containing it, table vinegar, spices. Finally, it is advised to limit the use of white bread from refined flour, as well as polished rice (especially to sick and people leading a sedentary lifestyle).
  • The best food is fruits, fresh and boiled vegetables, cereals, greens. You can also include nuts here. Excellent food for children – milk and sour-milk products. With age, milk intake usually decreases, although some continue to include it in the diet until old age. Good protein foods are legumes, but they are sometimes difficult to digest, which often limits their use.
  • It is important to combine products correctly. Especially unfavorable is the combination in one meal of fruits with starch or proteins, starchy food from protein, different types of proteins (meat with dairy, protein beans, nuts, etc.), as well as starch or proteins with sugars.

Nursing profession in healthcare

Professionalism is a necessary ingredient in the field of nursing. If a person has professionalism, he or she can achieve healthy work environment. There are goals of the nursing practice which identify the concept of professionalism as guidance that increase the results for patients, nurses, systems, and organizations. Professionalism can identify the attributes and explain the evidence associated with each attribute of professionalism. The nursing profession is an intra-profession challenge. It is an inevitable, varied, dynamic and complex process. There are several methods of nursing professionalization which depends on an evolutionary approach and can be interpreted when the diverse parameters appear in particular context.

Principles of professionalism

The purpose of professionalism in nursing is to understand regarding the attributes, consequences, and antecedents. The education in nursing expands the professional knowledge and seems to get all the necessary aspects of professional understanding in all stages of professionalization. This must be measured by the principles of professionalization at different levels of professional education.

The student needs to understand the basic principles of professional conduct and the reasons that should be prioritized and help in making decisions. Professional ideas, as well as values, create a framework that evaluates the attitudes and influences the behavior of professional clinicians.

Here, we list the five commandments of the ethically correct professional nursing:

  • The ethically correct nursing professional knows how to work effectively;
  • Problems in service planning entail waste of time, raise the cost, demotivate the employee and irritate the patient, so ethically correct nursing professional knows how to plan;
  • The ethically correct nurse enables the entire team to work;
  • The ethically correct professional nursing does not discuss who is the technical implementation of responsibility, but puts the patient first acts;
  • The ethically correct nurse no gloves on and improperly or fail to use them properly when needed.

The patient’s file contains private information and should be saved. Only people directly involved in care may have access to it. Nurses should show some respect for their colleagues at any time and should be loyal to their bosses. They must treat their patients, by the last name, out of respect. This also shows that they should never use aliases, diseases or room number to refer to patients.

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Career in nursing

The duties or responsibilities of nurses vary by unit or specialization whereas there are more similarities rather than differences. Nurses monitor and provide care to the patients and their family members regarding the patient health condition. They also educate patients and give treatments and medication. Nurses advice patient and also provide them emotional support, on the other hand, they work with healthy people in order to give wellness information and provide them preventive healthcare.

Nursing has been a hot job but aging baby boomers, medical advances and healthcare reform have kicked demand into higher gear for these professionals. Nurses are working in high-tech world as they are acquainted with systems and several programs. The informatics nurse specialists take tech-career integration to an entire new stage. Those who are professional help design and modify the systems and software in order to make them more effective and enhance the outcomes of the patient. Nurses ensure that the technology that other nurses depend on must be reliable, safe and practical.

Exploring academic paths

They look for high demand that classifies nursing as a bright outlook occupation with the intention to grow nearly twice as fast as they can in all fields of nursing. Nursing can be a tremendously rewarding career both professionally and personally. Consequently, the occupation of nurse is also tightly regulated. Nursing requires some degree of hands-on training so that they may integrate the on-site clinical training with real patients. There are online nursing schools which allow student to finish their practical requirements while tackling their academic coursework online under the supervision of licensed nurses or physicians at local health facilities.

Online nursing schools

Most of the students benefit from the online nursing school. Majority nursing school offer degree completion programs such as RN to BSN, AND to BSN, BSN to MSN and similar programs. Student need to complete their previous education and training in order to establish the course of the study so that they do not have to repeat the coursework. Some of the nursing schools offer online nursing programs in different fields. There are many kinds of skills required when the person step in nursing job. They must be compassionate, organized, patient and detail-oriented, must have an interest in math and science. They should have good critical thinking skills and should be capable to function in high-stress. They must possess the ability to communicate with others. All states require person who is willing to grow his career nursing to complete some degree of formal training from qualified nursing schools. Employers usually look for candidates who have professional certifications. Professional certifications allow nurses to keep their skills current and must show the employers that they are devoted in their careers.

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Procedures in Nursing Program

There are policies and procedures in nursing practice which also provides the information on standards of care and clinical resource information. The nursing organization respects the different preferences, cultural needs and patient’s expectations and families. The organization also serves to the extent while suitably managing the accessible resources. They won’t compromise on quality of health care delivery.

Care plans are important in Nursing

In clinical settings, nursing students are responsible for creating and updating care plans, which essentially guides the patient and provide a written state and the history of a patient for the benefit of everyone involved with patient care. Care plans include everything from medications the patient is taking as input (food and fluids) and output that patient had on a given day. Although, in terms of time, health plans offered to anyone who provides assistance to a patient with a complete view of the diseases that the patient is suffering and what is the plan of action to correct health problems. The creation policy of the treatment plan begins with a head finger evaluation of the patient’s foot, which should include all diseases and internal and external concerns. Once the list is made of the problem, it can include medical diagnostics, the resolution of any problem is created can be corrected.

Patient care refers to the care of a patient which is given to help and maintain maximum state of comfort. The range of patient care practices depends on the type of student that provides nursing care. A student in a hospital may be required to give the bathrooms of patients, while RN students of the program will be able to assist the patient’s position of service director assistant, which would require a different kind of patient care, and give proper understanding on how to make sure that the patient is well, providing the drugs.

Student needs a negative TB screening test for recruitment. In addition, drug testing is another part of the screening process, which is occasionally provided in the workplace. TB tests and drugs when they are not available on site, there will be a designated place or suggested available for potential employees. In addition, background checks for nurses looking for work do not have a history of crime or abuse crimes of children or the elderly. No matter what type of installation or where it is, any kind of nurse, everywhere, must first pass a series of tests before use. The projection is more common tuberculosis, which is a simple prick of the skin which is sometimes offered at the facility that is doing the hiring.

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